Africa is the world's second largest continent in terms of area and population. It is generally excepted as the birthplace of the modern human and all humans on the planet can trace their origin to the continent. Africa is also the continent with the most countries (with 54). Africa is furthermore home to the world's hottest and third most expansive desert (first if excluding the Antarctic and Arctic Deserts), the Sahara Desert. Africa can be generally divided into a few regions, Sub-Saharan Africa (literally land south of the Sahara Desert and the Sahel Region), West Africa, North Africa, and East Africa (the Great Rift Valley Region).



Regions as Defined by the UNEdit

Northern Africa:Edit

Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara (disputed state)

Eastern Africa:Edit

Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoros, Mauritius

Southern Africa:Edit

Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland

Middle Africa:Edit

Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola

Western Africa:Edit

Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Gambia, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria

Countries by PopulationEdit

Country Population Estimates 1 and 2 Rank
Nigeria 174,507,539 or 173,615,000 1
Ethiopia 93,877,025 or 91,195,675 2
Egypt 85,294,388 or 84,550,000 3
Democratic Republic of the Congo 75,507,308 or 67,514,000 4
South Africa 48,601,098 or 52,981,991 5
Tanzania 48,261,942 or 44,928,923 6
Kenya 44,037,656 or 44,354,000 7
Algeria 38,087,812 or 37,900,000 8 or 9
Sudan 34,847,910 or 37,964,000

8 or 9

Uganda 34,758,809 or 35,873,253 10

Source: CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia

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